BOOKTEXT7

PTOLEMY'S GEOGRAPHIA




GERMANIA

Section 11

LOCATION OF THE PROVINCE OF GREATER GERMANIA

1. The western side of Germania is bounded by the river Rhine, the northern by the Germanic Ocean. It holds this outline (between the mouth of the river Rhine, from this part 28 0 54 0

Manarmanis harbour 27 20 54 45

Mouth of the Vedrou river 28 0 54 20

Mouth of the Amasion river 29 0 55 0

(Germania Deutera)

Well springs of the river 32 0 52 0

Mouth of the Visurgius river 31 0 55 15

Well springs of the river 34 0 52 30

Mouth of the Albius river 31 0 56 15

Well springs of the river 39 0 50 0

2. Of the Cimbrici Peninsula

Beginning alongside the Albios river 32 0 56 50

The start of the peninsula 35 0 58 20

3. Northern point of the peninsula 39 0 59 30

The furthermost point east 40 15 59 30

The beginning of the peninsula 39 20 58 15

Below the peninsula 37 0 57 0

4. Turning towards the east. 35 0 56 0

Mouth of the Chalouson river 37 0 56 0

Mouth of the Souebos river 39 30 56 0

Mouth of the Viadon river 42 10 56 0

Mouth of the Vistoula river 45 0 56 0

Head of the river 44 0 52 30

To the west of this and bearing on

the Albios 40 10 52 40

5. The boundary on the southern side and part of the western is of the Danube river, the location of which has such of a kind.

The headwaters of the Danube 30 0 46 20

Alongside where the river first turns

into Germania 32 0 47 15

Where the river turning bears towards the south, being called.

Ainos 34 0 47 20

Where the river turning bears towards the north and another river

against the Gambretan Forest. 36 0 46 40

Next where the river turning against the Lunan Forest by a mountain

stream from the north.

River 39 20 47 20

Thereupon turning around, it wheels

towards the south 40 40 47 50

In relation to the turn of the river towards the south, those places

called.

Narabon 41 0 47 40

In relation to the Curtan turn 42 0 47 0

Thereupon, in relation to the Carpins, the whole river wheels round

more to the north. 42 30 48 0

6. The boundary that forms the eastern side, being situated over the

fastness of the Sarmatian mountain from this turning point, the

southern extremity has the position. 42 30 48 30

The northern 43 30 50 30

And between the mountains towards the head of the Vistula river until

the sea, it follows the river itself.

7. Germania is encircled by mountains called idiosyncratically Sarmaticos, and their namesake the Alps and which form the headwatersof the Danube, being of the following locations 29 0 47 0

and 33 0 48 30

and being called the Abnoba, have the

location 31 0 49 0

and 31 0 52 0

and the Melibocos mountains 33 0 52 30

and 37 0 52 30

The Semanos Forest and the Asciborgion,

these have the location 39 0 54 0

and 44 0 52 30

And again the mountain called Sudeta

whose location is 34 0 50 0

and 40 0 50 0

Below this is the Gambreta Forest;

being between it and the Sarmaticos

is the oak coppice of Ocunios.

8. The smaller Bousacteri and the Sugambri occupy that part of Germania alongside the river Rhine, being the first from the north.

9. Below them the Soenbi Langobardi then the Tenceri and Igcrioni between the Rhine and the Abnobaios mountains

and the Intouergi

and the Varginoni

and the Caritni

10. Below these Vispi and the deserted habitations of the Elvetii located between the Alps mountains.

11. The Frissii occupy a position that lays near to the Boiusacteri, between them and the Amasion river.

Next to these the lesser Cauchi near the Visurgios river.

Then, the greater Cauchi near the Albios river and next to the throat of the Cimbrian peninsula, the Saxonii.

In the western part of this peninsula and above the Saxonii, the Sigoulones,

Then the Sabaligii,

Then the Cobandi

While the Foundousi still further to the west of these, are more to

the east of the Charoudi,

while at the very north, the Cimbri

13. Near to the Saxonii and between the Calouson river and the Suebos river, the Farodeini.

14. Then the Seidini with the Routicleii between the Iadoua and the Vistula rivers.

15. Of the people within the interior of country, the greatest are the Suebi Angeili and are spread out further to the east, the Langobardi towards the north between the middle Albios river and the Suebi Semnoni, the Bourgountiones extend between the Albios and a location to the east of the Suebos river and occupy a range of country near the Vistula river.

16. Lesser ethnic groups exist between the lesser Cauchi and the Suebi and are the greater Bousacteri.

Below these the Chaimi.

Between the greater Cauchi and the Suebi are the Angriouari

17. Then the Laccobardi

below these the Dulgumnii,

Between the Saxoni and the Suebi, the Teutonicri and the Viroli.

Between the Farodeni and the Suebi, the Teutones and the Aurpi.

Between the Routiclones and Bougouni, the Ailouaiones.

18. Again below the Semnones live the Siliggi, below the Bougouuntii are

the Lougii Omanni,

below the Lougii Dounii (or Loggididounii) near the Asciburgis

mountains.

19. Below the Siliggi, the Caloucones, both sides of the Albios river,

below these the Chairousici and the Chamauosi near the Melibocos

mountains.

20. Being towards the east, around the Albios river, the Bainochaimi,

above these the Bateini and above these, under the Ascibourgios

mountains, the Corcontii and Lougii Bourii near the head of the

Vistula river.

21. Under these, first the Sidones, then the Cognii.

then the Visbourgii above the Orcunion oak coppice.

22. Again to the east and above the Abnobaios mountains and the Suebi,

live the Casouarii,

then the Nertereanbi

then the Dandoutii

under these the Touronii

and the Marvingi.

23. Under the Chamoui, the Chatti and Toubanti,

and above the Sudeti mountain the Teuriochaimi, below the mountain

the Varisti.

24. Then the Gambreta Forest, and below the Marouiggii, the Couriones,

then the Chaitouopi,

and, near the Danube river, the Parmaicampi.

25. Below the Gambreta Forest the Marcomani,

below these the Soudeni, and near the Danube river, the Adrabaicamii.

26. Below the Orcunion oak coppice, the Couardii,

below these the iron mining location and the Louna Forest,

below is the large ethnic group, the Baimii near the Danube and these

continue with the Teracatriai near the river and towards the Campii,

the Racatii

27. The ancient towns occuring around Germania in the northern climate.

Fleoum 28 50 54 45

Siatoutanda 29 20 54 20

Tecelia 31 0 55 0

Fabiranon 31 30 55 20

Treva 33 0 55 40

Leufana 34 15 54 40

Lirimiris 34 30 55 30

Marionis 34 30 54 50

the other Marionis 36 0 55 35

Coinoenon 36 20 55 30

Astouia 37 20 54 30

Aleisos 38 0 55 0

Lacibourgion 39 0 55 35

Bounition 39 30 55 30

Virounon 40 30 55 0

Virition 41 0 54 30

Rugion 42 30 55 40

Scurgon 43 0 55 0

Ascaucalis 44 0 54 15

28. The ancient towns on the climatic zone below.

Asciburgion 27 45 42 30

Navalia 28 10 43 10

Mediolanion 28 45 53 45

Teuderion 29 30 53 20

Bogadion 30 15 52 0

Stere(n)ontion 31 0 52 10

Amaseia 31 30 51 30

Mountion 31 40 52 30

Toulifouron 32 0 54 0

Ascalingion 32 30 53 45

Toulisurgion 32 40 53 20

Feugaron 32 40 52 15

Canduon 33 0 51 20

Tropaia Druson 33 45 52 45

Luppia 34 30 52 45

Mesouion 35 30 53 45

Argelia 36 30 52 20

Calaigia 37 30 52 20

Lupfurdon 38 30 51 40

Susudata 38 30 55 50

Colancoron 39 0 53 30

Lugiduunon 39 30 52 30

Stragona 39 20 51 40

Limiosaleion 41 0 53 30

Budorigon 41 0 52 40

Leucaristos 41 45 52 40

Arsonion 43 30 52 20

Calisia 43 45 52 50

Setidava 44 0 53 30

29. Ancient towns in the climate below this.

Aleison 28 0 51 30

Budoris 28 (30) 51 0

Mattiacon 30 0 50 50

Artaunon 30 (10) 50 0

Novaision 31 <FFB0>j 51 10

Melocauos or Melocabos 31 30 50 20

Gravionarion 31 45 50 10

Locoriton 31 30 49 20

Segodounon 31 30 49 0

Deovona 32 30 48 45

Bergion 33 0 49 30

Menosgada 34 0 49 30

Bicurgion 34 30 51 15

Marobudon 35 0 49 0

Redintuinon 38 30 50 30

Nomisterion 39 0 51 0

Meliodunon 39 0 49 0

Casurgis 39 15 50 10

Strevinta 39 15 49 30

Egitmatia or Egematia 39 40 51 0

Budorgis 40 0 50 30

Eburon 41 0 49 30

Arsicua 41 40 49 0

Parienna 42 0 49 20

Setovia 42 (30) 50 0

Carrodunon 42 40 51 30

Asanca 43 0 50 20

30. In the remainder, these ancient towns around the Danube river.

Tarodounon 28 20 47 50

Flavian Altars 30 40 48 0

Riusiava 31 0 47 30

Alcimoennis 32 30 47 30

Cantioibis 32 40 48 20

Bibacon 33 0 48 0

Brodentia 33 45 48 0

Setuacoton 34 0 48 20

Usbion 35 0 47 0

Abiluon 35 20 47 20

Furgisatis 36 0 48 0

Coridorgis 37 15 48 30

Medoslanion 38 0 47 10

Felicia 39 0 48 30

Eburodunon 39 0 48 0

Anduaition 40 30 47 40

Celamantia 41 0 47 40

Singone 41 30 48 15

Anabon or Anavon 41 50 47 30

31. Three islands situated above Germania

near the mouth of the Albios river

called Saxonone hold a position between

the locations. 31 0 57 40

32. Above the Cimbrican Peninsula another

three islands called Alocia, hold the

position between the locations. 37 0 59 20

33. To the east of the peninsula four called

Scandia, three smaller being in the middle

hold the position. 41 30 58 0

34. The greatest one and more to the east near

the mouth of the Vistula river, while its

western extremity holds the position 43 0 58 0

Its eastern extremity is 46 0 58 0

Its northern extremity is 44 30 58 30

Its southern extremity is 45 0 57 40

35. And this is called Scandia locally,

and is occupied in the west by the

Chaideini,

in the east by the Fauona,

and the Firaisi,

and in the south by the Goutii and the Dauciones,

and in the centre by the Leuoni.